Water Features
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Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain.Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from? 207025070414862650.jpg Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains usually depicted images of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains made at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.

Your Patio: The Perfect Place for a Fountain

A good way to enhance the appearance of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout. Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations. Therefore, in order to connect your home to earlier times, include one these in your home decor. In addition to the positive characteristics of garden fountains, they also generate water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, drawing in birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment.Patio: Perfect Place Fountain 14774576666905.jpg For example, irritating flying insects are usually deterred by the birds drawn to the fountain or birdbath.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best option for a small garden since they require a great deal of space. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. A water feature can be added to an existing wall if you include some kind of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water below. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this kind of job requires training, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles

Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, citizens who resided on hills had to travel even further down to collect their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole techniques available at the time to supply water to locations of greater elevation. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the underground channel of Acqua Vergine.Aqueducts: Remedy Rome's Water Troubles 076390034910305.jpg As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. While these manholes were created to make it easier to maintain the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the channel, which was carried out by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to meet his needs. Through an orifice to the aqueduct that ran under his property, he was set to suit his water demands.

Creators of the First Water Fountains

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Leonardo da Vinci as a imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance master.Creators First Water Fountains 75800617194.jpg He methodically noted his experiences in his now famed notebooks, following his immense fascination in the forces of nature inspired him to research the attributes and mobility of water. Early Italian water feature builders altered private villa configurations into inspiring water showcases full with symbolic meaning and natural beauty by coupling imagination with hydraulic and horticultural experience. The humanist Pirro Ligorio provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was renowned for his abilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. For the many estates near Florence, other water fountain builders were well versed in humanist topics as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water highlights and water humor.Godfather Roman Water Features 2479072229404673.jpg

The Godfather Of Roman Water Features

In Rome’s city center, there are countless celebrated water features. Pretty much all of them were planned, architected and built by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Marks of his life's efforts are obvious all through the roads of Rome because, in addition to his abilities as a water feature designer, he was also a city builder. Bernini's father, a recognized Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they finally relocated in Rome, to fully show their artwork in the form of public water features and water fountains. The young Bernini was an great worker and won compliments and patronage of significant artists as well as popes. He was initially renowned for his sculpture. An expert in historical Greek engineering, he used this knowledge as a starting point and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Although a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo affected him the most.